A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury. A concussion is caused by a bump or blows to the head. Even what may seem like a typical knock or ding to the head can be a serious concussion.
Your brain is made of soft tissue that is cushioned by spinal fluid and encased in the protected by your skull. When you sustain a concussion, the impact can jostle your brain around that can cause bruising, damage to blood vessels and injury to the nerves.
Concussions cannot be diagnosed visually. Signs and symptoms of a concussion can appear immediately after the injury or appear days or weeks after the injury.
Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion – Immediate
Look for the following signs and symptoms after a bump or blow to the head:
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Blurry visions
- Concentration or memory issues
- Feeling hazy, foggy, groggy, or sluggish
- A headache or pressure felt in the head
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Sensitivity to noise
- Sensitivity to light
Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion – Over Time
Be alert for symptoms that worsen over time. Seek immediate medical attention if any of the following signs and/or symptoms arise:
- One pupil is larger than the other
- Drowsiness or cannot be awakened
- A headache that worsens
- Decreased coordination, numbness, or weakness
- Repeated vomiting or nausea
- Slurred speech
- Convulsions or seizures
- Recognition issues
- Increased agitation, confusion, or restlessness
- Unusual behavior
- Loss of consciousness
Concussion – Preventative Measures
- For sports ensure:
- you follow safety rules and regulations
- you wear the correct protective equipment
What to do if you think you have a Concussion
- Seek medical attention immediately
- a health care professional will be able to diagnose how serious the concussion is and when it is safe to return to activity, exercise, and sports.
- Refrain from activity, exercise, and sports
- Concussions need time to heal. Do not return to activity until a health care professional deems it safe. If you return to activity too soon after sustaining a concussion, you increase your chance of having a second concussion. Repeat or additional concussions can cause permanent brain damage.
- Communicate prior concussions
- Be sure to let coaches, trainers, teammates, workout partners, and medical staff know about sustaining prior concussions.
Diagnosing and understanding concussions are imperative to your mental health. You need the guidance to find the right recovery from a concussion. Book a baseline scan with Psychology 360 today to test your brain health.