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Concussions in Sports Statistics

Concussions are being diagnosed more frequently than ever before. According to the Center for Disease Control, the number of reported concussions has doubled in the last 10 years. Emergency room visits for concussions in ages 8 to 13 has doubled. Concussions rose 200 percent among 14- to 19-year olds in the last decade.

 

Below are national concussions in sports statistics from the CDC:

Basketball Concussion Statistic:

  • 2 out of 3 concussions in boys’ basketball result from a collision with another athlete

 

  • 1 out of 2 concussions in girls’ basketball result from a collision with another athlete

 

Cheerleading Concussion Statistic:

  • 91% of concussions in high school cheerleading happen during stunts

 

Field Hockey Concussion Statistic:

  • 60% of field hockey concussions result from being hit by a stick or ball

 

Football Concussion Statistics:

  • 63% of concussions in high school football are from tackling

 

  • The average high school football player has 592 head impacts

 

Ice Hockey Concussion Statistic:

  • Nearly 65% of concussions in ice hockey result from a collision with another athlete

 

Soccer Concussion Statistic:

  • 3 out of 4 concussions from heading in boys’ soccer happen when players collide

 

  • 1 in 2 concussions from heading in girls’ soccer happen when players collide

 

Lacrosse Concussion Statistics:

  • 3 out of 4 concussions in boys’ lacrosse result from a collision with another athlete

 

Volleyball Concussion Statistic:

  • Nearly 40% of concussions in girls’ volleyball happen when diving for the ball.

 

Wrestling Concussion Statistic:

  • 1 out of 2 concussions in wrestling result from a takedown

 

Diagnosing and understanding concussions are imperative to your mental health. You need the guidance to find the right recovery from a concussion. Book a baseline scan with Psychology 360 today to test your brain health.

All statistics are from the www.cdc.gov/HEADSUP

 

What is a Concussion?

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury. A concussion is caused by a bump or blows to the head. Even what may seem like a typical knock or ding to the head can be a serious concussion.

Your brain is made of soft tissue that is cushioned by spinal fluid and encased in the protected by your skull. When you sustain a concussion, the impact can jostle your brain around that can cause bruising, damage to blood vessels and injury to the nerves.

Concussions cannot be diagnosed visually. Signs and symptoms of a concussion can appear immediately after the injury or appear days or weeks after the injury.

 

Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion – Immediate

Look for the following signs and symptoms after a bump or blow to the head:

 

  • Balance problems or dizziness

 

  • Blurry visions

 

  • Confusion

 

  • Concentration or memory issues

 

  • Feeling hazy, foggy, groggy, or sluggish

 

  • A headache or pressure felt in the head

 

  • Nausea and/or vomiting

 

  • Sensitivity to noise

 

  • Sensitivity to light

 

Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion – Over Time

Be alert for symptoms that worsen over time. Seek immediate medical attention if any of the following signs and/or symptoms arise:

  • One pupil is larger than the other

 

  • Drowsiness or cannot be awakened

 

  • A headache that worsens

 

  • Decreased coordination, numbness, or weakness

 

  • Repeated vomiting or nausea

 

  • Slurred speech

 

  • Convulsions or seizures

 

  • Recognition issues

 

  • Increased agitation, confusion, or restlessness

 

  • Unusual behavior

 

  • Loss of consciousness

 

Concussion – Preventative Measures

  • For sports ensure:
    • you follow safety rules and regulations
    • you wear the correct protective equipment

 

What to do if you think you have a Concussion

  • Seek medical attention immediately
    • a health care professional will be able to diagnose how serious the concussion is and when it is safe to return to activity, exercise, and sports.

 

  • Refrain from activity, exercise, and sports
    • Concussions need time to heal. Do not return to activity until a health care professional deems it safe. If you return to activity too soon after sustaining a concussion, you increase your chance of having a second concussion. Repeat or additional concussions can cause permanent brain damage.

 

  • Communicate prior concussions
    • Be sure to let coaches, trainers, teammates, workout partners, and medical staff know about sustaining prior concussions.

Diagnosing and understanding concussions are imperative to your mental health. You need the guidance to find the right recovery from a concussion. Book a baseline scan with Psychology 360 today to test your brain health.

 

Signs of Autism

What is Autism?

 

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can range in a spectrum. Autism can be very mild to very severe, and the timing and severity of first symptoms can vary widely. Autism is characterized by:

 

  • cognitive impairments
  • difficulty in communication
  • forming relationships
  • repetitive behaviors
  • social impairments

 

Identifying signs can vary depending on age, but the most obvious signs tend to appear between the age of 2-3 years.

Possible signs of autism in babies and toddlers:

  • By 6 months
    • lack of social smiles or other joyful expressions directed at people
    • limited or no eye contact

 

  • By 9 months, no sharing of vocal sounds, smiles or other nonverbal communication

 

  • By 12 months:
    • no babbling
    • no use of gestures to communicate (e.g. pointing, reaching, waving etc.)
    • no response to name when called

 

  • By 16 months, no words

 

  • By 24 months, no meaningful, two-word phrases

 

  • Any loss of any previously acquired speech, babbling or social skills

 

Possible signs of autism at any age:

  • Avoids eye contact and prefers to be alone

 

  • Struggles with understanding other people’s feelings

 

  • Remains nonverbal or has delayed language development

 

  • Repeats words or phrases over and over (echolalia)

 

  • Gets upset by minor changes in routine or surroundings

 

  • Has highly restricted interests

 

  • Performs repetitive behaviors such as flapping, rocking or spinning

 

  • Has unusual and often intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colors

 

 

If you have additional questions or concerns about an autism evaluation, contact Psychology 360 today.

 

 

PLEASE NOTE: This screening measure has been adapted from Autism Speaks Inc. Please visit autismspeaks.org for additional information and resources.